pig farm pollution
Pig waste is similar to human waste; filled with bacteria and high amounts of ammonia. In the 1970s, a series of laws, known as "Murphy's Laws", were passed in North Carolina to eliminate the sales tax on hog farm equipment and to prevent authorities from using authority to prevent and address odor issues. , Communities located near CAFOs experience negative health and environmental effects due to several factors associated with industrial pig farming. Furthermore, agencies with jurisdiction over CAFOs are typically environmental or natural resource state-run agencies, as opposed to local health departments. , In 2014, National Geographic wrote a piece on the extent of the contamination in North Carolina. This can lead to widespread pollution within the watershed that the CAFO is located within, if the water from these lagoons leaches out into the soil and trickles down into the water table beneath.  After the passage of Murphy’s Laws and other similar bills, there was a rapid increase in industry in North Carolina, where the population of swine was estimated around 9-10 million.  Granted that many of these diseases are preventable given proper safety precautions such as washing hands and clothes, wearing face masks, and covering any open wounds when coming into contact with pigs, but many improvements could be made to educate farmers on how to protect themselves. • Land and soil quality General Assembly of North Carolina. The National Pork Board’s environmental footprint project is comprehensive with multiple phases. Raleigh, NC:North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services/National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (2012). The prolonged pollution at the pig farm in Thach Binh is just one instance of a chronic issue spanning the nation, raising concerns that locals are being let down by the local authorities that should be safeguarding their wellbeing, while irresponsible farm operators … The environmental impact of pig farming refers to the threats posed to the natural environment by large-scale intensive pig farming. New York, NY:Oxford University Press (2008). Step 1: Once you click the “Download the Calculator” button above, use the “save” feature to save the file to a folder on your computer; for example your “Downloads” folder. Raleigh News & Observer (22 Feb 1995). NCDACS. As a result, water conservation technologies and practices are in place to ensure efficient use.  Nearly two decades later when Hurricane Florence hit the coast of North Carolina in 2018, hog waste remained a major concern. Fry JP, Laestadius LI, Grechis C, Nachman KE, Neff RA According to the NC Pork Council, 98% of hog lagoons experienced minimal impact. MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a type of anti-biotic resistant bacteria) outbreaks have been correlated to an individual working in a pig farm, likely attributed to the strong antibiotics often used in industrialized pig farms. Environmental impact on pig farming is essential to good stewardship on any successful farm. Every business must take action to minimize its carbon footprint. 2013; 8(1):e54720. Warrick J, Stith P. New studies show that lagoons are leaking: groundwater, rivers affected by waste. In many states, permits are required at state or local levels for construction of structures ranging from animal housing units to manure storage systems. Click here for more detailed download instructions with screenshots. The contents in the spray and waste drift have been shown to cause mucosal irritation, respiratory ailment, increased stress, decreased quality of life, and higher blood pressure. , Many of these CAFOS store the swine waste in giant vats often referred to as lagoons. Charlotte Savage, a resident who lives on a property separated from the Smithfield farm by an 80-foot path of forest, reported seeing her husband Julian faint at one point due to the smell, and that their house was also once surrounded by a three foot deep puddle of fecal matter. From farms to factories: the environmental consequences of swine industrialization in North Carolina, 1982–2007. Pork Production Environmental Footprint Calculator Help.  These regulations also make it more costly to clean up these wastes and prevent other consequential harms, without actually assisting farms in shouldering these costs, making it difficult for them to actually act on these regulations.  These laws emerged in the 90's and are now in effect in North Carolina, Utah, Missouri, Idaho, and Iowa, and is being considered in at least five states. But, this regulation varies from state to state and most of the time, enforcement only happens in response to citizen complaints, rather than active monitoring. No. It is true that historically hog feces have been used as fertilizer and can be done safely and without runoff, but the magnitude was described by Dan Whittle, a former senior policy associate at the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, as a "mass imbalance", with far too great a magnitude of fecal matter being sprayed for the crops being generated to not have significant spill off into neighboring plots of land. Water is a finite natural resource, and a small percentage of it is dedicated to the raising of livestock and the production of pork. Effective 1 Jul 2007 and 1 Sept 2007, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, strong antibiotics often used in industrialized pig farms, "CAFOs and Environmental Justice: The Case of North Carolina", "Intensive livestock operations, health, and quality of life among eastern North Carolina residents", "Environmental Health Impacts of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: Anticipating Hazards—Searching for Solutions", "Malodor as a Trigger of Stress and Negative Mood in Neighbors of Industrial Hog Operations", "Race, poverty, political capacity and the spatial distribution of swine waste in North Carolina, 1982-1997", "FAO's Animal Production and Health Division: Pigs and Environment", "What to Do About Pig Poop? This study showed that nearly 98 percent of total land use in producing a 4-ounce serving of pork from field to fork is accounted for in the live production of pigs with feed crops accounting for 96 percent of land use.